In memory of Armenian Genocide
Information collected by Kobayat.org
"Who today remembers the extermination of the Armenians?" Adolf Hitler, 1939
The Genocide of the Armenians by the Turkish government during World War I represents a major tragedy of the modern age. In this the first Genocide of the 20th century, almost an entire nation was destroyed. The Armenian people were effectively eliminated from the homeland they had occupied for nearly three thousand years. This annihilation was premeditated and planned to be carried out under the cover of war.
During the night of April 23-24, 1915, Armenian political, religious, educational, and intellectual leaders in Istanbul were arrested, deported to the interior, and mercilessly put to death. Next, the Turkish government ordered the deportation of the Armenian people to "relocation centers" - actually to the barren deserts of Syria and Mesopotamia. The Armenians were driven out brutally from the length and breadth of the empire. Secrecy, surprise, deception, torture, dehumanization, rape and pillage were all a part of the process. The whole of Asia Minor was put in motion.
The greatest torment was reserved for the women and children, who were driven for months over mountains and deserts, often dehumanized by being stripped naked and repeatedly preyed upon and abused. Intentionally deprived of food and water, they fell by the hundreds of thousands along the routes to the desert.
There were some survivors scattered throughout the Middle East and Transcaucasia. Thousands of them, refugees here and there, were to die of starvation, epidemics, and exposure. Even the memory of the nation was intended for obliteration. The former existence of Armenians in Turkey was denied. Maps and history were rewritten. Churches, schools, and cultural monuments were desecrated and misnamed. Small children, snatched from their parents, were renamed and farmed out to be raised as Turks. The Turks "annexed" ancestors of the area in ancient times to claim falsely, by such deception, that they inhabited this region from ancient days. A small remnant of the Armenian homeland remained devastated by war and populated largely by starving refugees, only to be subsequently overrun by the Bolshevik Red Army and incorporated into the Soviet Union for seven decades, until its breakup in 1990. The word " genocide" had not yet been coined. Nonetheless, at the time, many governmental spokesmen and statesmen decried the mass murder of the Armenians as crimes against humanity, and murder of a nation.
Reports of the atrocities gradually came out and were eventually disseminated the world over by newspapers, journals, and eyewitness accounts. In the United States a number of prominent leaders and organizations established fundraising drives for the remnants of the "Starving Armenians". In Europe the Allied Powers gave public notice that they would hold personally responsible all members of the Turkish government and others who had planned or participated in the massacres. Yet, within a few years, these same governments and statesmen turned away from the Armenians in total disregard of their pledges. Soon the Armenian genocide had become the "Forgotten Genocide".
In effect, the Turkish government had succeeded in its diabolical plan to exterminate the Armenian population from what is now Turkey. The failure of the international community to remember, or to honor their promises to punish the perpetrators, or to cause Turkey to indemnify the survivors helped convince Adolph Hitler some 20 years later to carry out a similar policy of extermination against the Jews and certain other non-Aryan populations of Europe.
The Genocide Monument is designed to memorialize the innocent victims of this first genocide of the 20th century. The Genocide Museum teaches that understanding the Armenian Genocide is an important step in preventing similar tragedies in the future, and that those who forget the past are condemned to repeat it.
This map, prepared by Peter Der Manuelian (courtesy of the Armenian Library and Museum of America).
As a survivor of the Armenian Genocide, the Armenian artist Armiss, who escaped to France, created the following interpretation of his eyewitness of one of the most criminal acts of the last century. Following his visual interpretations is his literary rendition.
click to enlarge
AN ALTAR IN THE DESERT
The blazing sun spread its searing
flames over the immense wilderness of Deir-el-Zor, the abominable
graveyard of the Armenians, having been forced there by the genocidal
ARMENIAN GENOCIDE CENTENNIAL
Armenian Genocide Resource Library for Teachers
National Institute - Dedicated to the Study, Research and Affirmation of the
1915-1923 Armenian Genocide This website is dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide
Videos about Armenia and Armenian Genocide
Genocide in the Georgian Language - Dr. Rouben Adalian's paper on the Armenian
Genocide translated into the Georgian Language
Armenian Children Victims of Genocide
The Forgotten Genocide
A Lecture on The Armenian Genocide :
-- PDF file link
Hagop Seropian's Website - Pictures
Armenian Links : History/Genocide
Armenian Genocide - Extensive information and resources about the Armenian
Genocide. Includes pictures, quotes, articles, documents, eyewitness accounts,
books, treaties, declarations of recognition, and links.
Debate Motives for Armenian Genocide - Ronald Grigor Suny (University of
Chicago), Engin Deniz Akarli (Brown University), Selim Deringil (Bogazici
University, Istanbul), and Vahakn N. Dadrian ask why the genocide happened.
Armenian Genocide: An Annotated Bibliography - A carefully selected list of
books and articles, with a brief evaluative comment on each. Covers primary
sources (documentation, including photographs), general works, and studies
covering specific areas of interest.
Boston Area Remembers - Lists Boston-area events (April 2000) marking the 85th
anniversary of the Armenian Genocide.
Companies Owe Billions in Armenian Genocide Era Benefits - Study documents
failure of American and European companies to pay benefits on tens of thousands
of life insurance policies held by Armenians who perished in 1915-16.
Ottoman Archives Debate and the Armenian Genocide - Ara Sarafian argues that
whereas Ottoman archives are not open to intellectually honest scrutiny, records
made available by Turkey do corroborate Western accounts of the events of 1915.
Full text of article.
Genocide Documentation Series - Books from the Gomidas Institute, including the
testimony and diaries of American missionaries who lived in the interior of the
Ottoman Empire in 1915-17; also a new edition of Ambassador Morgenthau's Story.
Crack in the Wall of Silence - Report on a workshop at the University of Chicago
where specialists in Turkish and late Ottoman history considered the central
place of the Armenian Genocide in the history of modern Turkey
the Armenian Genocide - A map with red dots to represent the number of Armenians
sent to die from various parts of the Ottoman Empire in 1915
History - Some quotes and fact sheets about the Genocide and denial thereof.
Institute - Sparse site includes bibliography for 1894-96 massacres and for
denial of the Genocide; also a scholarly essay (apparently by Vahakn Dadrian)
refuting claims made by the Turkish Embassy in Washington.
National Institute - Affirmation of the 1915 Armenian Genocide committed by
Ottoman Turkey, featuring photos, documents, maps, chronology, resolutions,
bibliographies and educational resources.
Armenian Genocide: Survivor Interview Guide - Extensive questionnaire for
survivors of the genocide, or their descendants to record their experiences.
Questions on the Armenian Genocide - Cursory answers to a series of skeptical
questions about the Armenian Genocide.
- Armenian Genocide - Colorful compilation of articles and book excerpts,
including an academic overview and eyewitness accounts.
Institute - Focusing on Genocide and Karabakh publications and research.
Ler - Mousa Ler AKA Musa Dagh: a real place and a famous work of fiction.
Amazing things took place here during the Genocide. This is the web page of
- Includes information on Armenian tourist attractions, Armenian genocide, an
Armenian hall of fame, and the Armenian church.
Museum - The Ararat-Eskijian Museum was created for the preservation of national
Armenian treasures. It also contains documentation of the Genocide.
Armenia - Includes: Khacher's Verses, personal accounts of life in Armenia
before and during the Genocide taken from excerpts of my great grandfather's
most powerful and one of the best sites about the Armenian Genocide. The
History of Armenian Genocide. Online News from Armenia. Maps, photos, convention
and more...in Russian.
Ref: Armenian Genocide